Amelanchier canadensis

Small (25') Trees
Price Code: 
$18.50/gal. (2'-4'); larger priced accordingly
In Stock

Amelanchier canadensis (Canadian serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadblow, Shadbush, Sugarplum,) is native to eastern North America in Canada from Newfoundland west to southern Ontario, and in the United States from Maine south to Alabama. It will grow from moist to dry sites, growing at altitudes from sea level up into the Appalachians.

It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 0.5–8 m tall with one to many stems and a narrow crown. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to ovate-oblong, 1–5.5 cm long and 1.8–2.8 cm broad with a rounded to sub-acute apex; they are downy below, and have a serrated margin and an 8–15 mm petiole. The flowers are produced in early spring in loose racemes, 4–6 cm long at the ends of the branches; each raceme has four to ten flowers. The flower has five white petals, 7.6–11 mm long and 2–4 mm broad, and 20 stamens. The fruit is a pome (like a small apple), 7–10 mm diameter, at first red, then dark purple when ripe (they are usually eaten by then); it is edible and sweet. Birds love the berries and don't leave them on the plant for long.

Birds love the fruits and it has been used as a medicinal plant, berries make great jelly, and it is an attractive ornamental plant. It is sometimes made into bonsai.

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